Kamis, 08 Desember 2011

Online Marketing: Strategi Pemasaran Online

Online Marketing merupakan kegiatan komunikasi pemasaran dengan menggunakan media Internet. Pada awalnya menggunakan halaman-halaman statis berformat HTML yang bisa diakses oleh pengguna Internet. Itulah awal dari website yang kemudian menjadi semacam 'brosur online' dan bahkan ‘kantor kedua’ bagi perusahaan-perusahaan untuk menampilkan jati dirinya ke seluruh dunia.

Pada perkembangannya online marketing tidak hanya menggunakan media website, namun juga email dan aplikasi-aplikasi lain yang berjalan di atas protocol Internet.

Sebagai bagian dari kegiatan marketing dengan menggunakan media Internet, online advertising (periklanan di Internet) menjadi kajian yang menarik bagi para marketer khususnya dan dunia usaha umumnya.

Apa sebenarnya periklanan di Internet itu?
Pada awalnya periklanan di media Internet adalah memindahkan materi iklan yang sudah berjalan di media konvensional (televisi, majalah, surat kabar) ke dalam website. Namun pada perkembangannya, pemanfaatan karakteristik media Internet mampu memaksimalkan hasil yang didapat melalui aktifitas periklanan di Internet. Hal tersebut menjadikan media Internet kini dipakai sebagai bagian dari bauran pemasaran (marketing mix) dengan pendekatan yang berbeda sesuai dengan karakteristik media dan target audiens yang ingin dicapai.

Aktifitas yang lazim dipakai dalam periklanan di media Internet adalah memasang banner (banner ad). Namun tuntutan komunikasi pemasaran yang makin kompleks tidak cukup hanya dengan cara seperti itu. Dibutuhkan strategi, kreatifitas dan pengukuran yang akurat serta mengkonvergensikan kemungkinan yang ada. Misalnya, menggunakan strategi viral melalui email marketing, membangun situs khusus produk yang terpisah dari corporate site, merancang webtorial pages, membuat advert-gaming, mensinergikan dengan mobile marketing, online survey/polling dan strategi lainnya.

Selain aktifitas periklanan di atas, ada juga teknik periklanan yang lebih murah dan efisien, yaitu menggunakan mesin pencari ( Search Engine Otimization ). Dengan SEO, website akan mudah ditemukan di mesin pencari dan kemungkinan dikunjungi semakin tinggi karena saat ini 80% pengguna internet mencari data dengan memanfaatkan mesin pencari sebagai basis awal pencarian.

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